请假是上班或上课偶尔会遇到的事,若遇到外籍上司或是外国老师,该怎么用英文请假呢?各种不同的假,都有不同的说法喔,别再担心卡卡说不出来,今天就一起学习“请假”怎么说吧!

请假是上班或上课偶尔会遇到的事,若遇到外籍上司或是外国老师,该怎么用英文请假呢?各种不同的假,都有不同的说法喔,别再担心卡卡说不出来,今天就一起学习“请假”怎么说吧!

 

请假的句型

可以用来表达“请假”的句型很多种,可以使用下列四种:

  • take...leave / day (off)
  • request...leave / day (off)
  • ask for...leave / day (off)
  • be on...leave / day (off)

那这几种句型该如何应用在不同的假上呢?我们继续往下看。

各种不同的假

● sick leave / day (off) 请病假

I took two days' sick leave last week because of the flu.

(我上礼拜因为流感请了两天的病假。)

Sorry. I can't help you. I'm on sick leave today.

(抱歉。我帮不上忙。我今天请病假。)

I would like to take a sick day off today due to my allergies acting up.

(我今天想要请病假,因为我过敏开始发作了。)

另外,“打电话去请病假”可以说 call in sick (to work / school)(向公司 / 学校请病假)。(推荐阅读:“身体不好,心也会生病”爱自己,就承诺给身体最好的)例如: 

Mom: Are you feeling okay?(妈妈:你还好吗?)

Child: No. I feel terrible.(孩子:不好。我觉得很不舒服。)

Mom: Okay. I'll call in sick to school for you today.(好。我会打电话去学校帮你请病假。)

● personal leave / day (off) 请事假

其实事假就是因为“个人因素”而请的假,所以会直接说 personal leave / day (off) 。如:

Jonathan asked for a week off for personal leave.(Jonathan 请了一星期的事假。)

I need to take a personal day off today.(我今天要请事假。)

● maternity leave / paternity leave 请产假 / 陪产假

请产假分成两种,一是女生要生产的“产假”会说:maternity leave,若是先生要陪太太生产的“陪产假”则会用 paternity leave。(推荐阅读:八天婚假五天陪产假!北市府保障同志劳工权益)例如:

Gloria is on maternity leave since she just gave birth last week.(Gloria 现在请产假,因为她上星期刚生产完。)

或者:

A: Where's Andy?(A:Andy 怎么没来?)

B: I heard his son was just born last night, so he's probably on paternity leave right now.(听说他儿子昨晚出生了,所以现在应该请了陪产假。)

● annual leave 年假

Our boss is giving us an extra three days' annual leave this year.(今年老板给我们额外三天的年假。)

● paid / unpaid leave 有薪假 / 无薪假

面试完你可能会跟朋友说:

They offered me 10 days' paid leave.(他们给我十天的有薪假。)

● 描述某段时间需要请假

I need to take three days off from work from next Wednesday to next Friday because I have to go to the hospital to take care of my mom.

(我下星期三到下星期五需要请三天的假,因为我必须到医院照顾我妈妈。)

若是请半天假,可以说 take the morning off(请早上的假)或是 take the afternoon off(请下午的假)。

A: I have to take my daughter to the dentist's office tomorrow morning. What should I do?(A:我明天早上得带我女儿去看牙医。该怎么办?)

B: Why don't you just take the morning off?(B:你明天早上何不就请半天假?)

这样都学会了吗?在留言区练习看看“请假”的造句吧!